Visual Stimuli Generated by Biochemical Reactions Discrete Chaotic Dynamics as a Basis for Neurofeedback
AbstractIntroduction. In this article a novel methodology for a neurofeedback system is proposed. It is based on the visual stimuli generated by the distributed biochemical reactions discrete chaotic dynamics (BRDCD) of brain neurons. These visual stimuli take the form of symmetrical colored images known as mandalas. Method. The proposed biofeedback system applies a BRDCD mathematical model to transform an on-line recording of EEG signals into a simulated time-series EEG and into computer generated series of mandala images. Thus, these images represent experimentally measured EEG and therefore reflect the subject’s mental state. Results. It will be shown that good qualitative similarity between simulated and experimental EEG was achieved. The examples of generating series of mandala images using experimental EEG will be demonstrated. Conclusion. Based on Jung’s theory of the healing power of the psychological phenomenon of mandala images, it is proposed that visual stimuli in the form of mandalas could facilitate fast and effective neurofeedback training, thereby providing a therapeutic effect.
© International Society for Neurofeedback and Research (ISNR), all rights reserved. This article (the “Article”) may be accessed online from ISNR at no charge. The Article may be viewed online, stored in electronic or physical form, or archived for research, teaching, and private study purposes. The Article may be archived in public libraries or university libraries at the direction of said public library or university library. Any other reproduction of the Article for redistribution, sale, resale, loan, sublicensing, systematic supply, or other distribution, including both physical and electronic reproduction for such purposes, is expressly forbidden. Preparing or reproducing derivative works of this article is expressly forbidden. ISNR makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy or completeness of any content in the Article. From 1995 to 2013 the Journal of Neurotherapy was the official publication of ISNR (www. Isnr.org); on April 27, 2016 ISNR acquired the journal from Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. In 2014, ISNR established its official open-access journal NeuroRegulation (ISSN: 2373-0587; www.neuroregulation.org).