Exploring Hemispheric Differences in Infrared Brain Emissions
AbstractBackground. Carmen (Toomim & Carmen, 1999) has shown that training to increase frontal lobe infrared emissions with neurofeedback techniques inhibits migraine pain, but nothing is known about the psychological correlates of the infrared signal. We assess if reading out loud would increase activation in the left hemisphere in comparison to the right. We also assessed test/retest reliability by repeating measures a week later. Methods. Measurements of infrared activity, while reading or not, were taken three times from the left, center, and right forehead of 24 persons who had signed Institutional Review Board approved consent forms. The order of reading and non-reading was varied systematically. Results. Significant differences in activation favoring the right rather than the left hemisphere were found, but only in those who read first. Both order-of-reading groups significantly declined in overall activity during the second session. Five of six Pearson correlations measuring test/retest reliabilities in the reading-first group and two of six in the reading-second group attained statistical significance. Only measurements taken at the left forehead site were reliable across all four conditions, which represent the combination of two orders and two types of stimulation. Conclusions. Test/retest correlations provide some support for the inference that the infrared measures reflect enduring traits, especially in the left hemisphere. Hemispheric difference data suggest that infrared emissions were sensitive to processes such as orientation, habituation and attention. There was no evidence of sensitivity to left hemisphere specialization for verbal processing.
© International Society for Neurofeedback and Research (ISNR), all rights reserved. This article (the “Article”) may be accessed online from ISNR at no charge. The Article may be viewed online, stored in electronic or physical form, or archived for research, teaching, and private study purposes. The Article may be archived in public libraries or university libraries at the direction of said public library or university library. Any other reproduction of the Article for redistribution, sale, resale, loan, sublicensing, systematic supply, or other distribution, including both physical and electronic reproduction for such purposes, is expressly forbidden. Preparing or reproducing derivative works of this article is expressly forbidden. ISNR makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy or completeness of any content in the Article. From 1995 to 2013 the Journal of Neurotherapy was the official publication of ISNR (www. Isnr.org); on April 27, 2016 ISNR acquired the journal from Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. In 2014, ISNR established its official open-access journal NeuroRegulation (ISSN: 2373-0587; www.neuroregulation.org).